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Pregnancy Ultrasounds for Assessing Your Baby’s Growth Health

Pregnancy Ultrasounds: A Useful Tool for Assessing Your Baby’s Growth and Health

Pregnancy is both a joyous and worrisome time. The discovery of pregnancy brings intense joy to parents, other family members, and friends. But at the same time, it can give rise to worries regarding the health of mother and baby. Pregnancy ultrasounds are the best way to assess the baby’s growth and health and to examine the mother’s reproductive organs. For a safe and worry-free pregnancy ultrasound experience, you must visit a renowned prenatal ultrasonography diagnostic centre in your area. Here a trained and highly qualified sonographic technologist will perform the ultrasound.

How do ultrasounds work

Ultrasound scanning is an imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the body’s internal organs. It is also called sonography.   

A transducer or probe emitting ultrasound waves is used to perform an ultrasound. The probe is placed on the skin after coating it with a thin, conductive gel layer. The gel’s coating allows the waves to pass smoothly through the skin. The emitted ultrasound waves are projected on certain body parts which reflect them. Computer software interprets the information from reflected ultrasound waves and turns them into visible images. The info gets formed as per the strength of reflected waves and the time they take to return.  

Ultrasound imaging holds these advantages over other imaging techniques: –

  1. Ultrasounds provide real-time visualization of the fetus or organs. 
  2. They are non-invasive. 
  3. They do away with the need to use ionization radiation known to cause toxic effects on the embryo.
  4. Ultrasounds provide an interactive experience, and this is because they enable the ultra-sonographer to capture different viewing images by moving the probe.   

To assess your baby’s health and growth following ultrasound options are available to you-

2D Ultrasound  

A 2D ultrasound is a traditional ultrasound scanning that is two-dimensional. This scanning sends and receives ultrasound waves in a single plane. The waves that get reflected then provide a flat black and white image of the fetus through that plane. It is a basic image that outlines the organs inside the body. The image obtained is not true to life, but still, it is clear for doctors to detect and diagnose certain medical issues. Doctors use this ultrasound to measure the baby’s head, stomach and leg size. Moreover, they use ultrasound to monitor the heart rate and movement of the baby. In short, a 2D ultrasound is useful for a detailed evaluation of fetal anatomy and morphology.

3D Ultrasound]

3D ultrasounds provide three-dimensional static images of the inside of the body. They are obtained by piecing together multiple two-dimensional images taken at various angles. These ultrasounds visualize fetal structures and the internal anatomy as static 3D images.  

A 4D ultrasound is a 3D ultrasound but in a live motion. It allows doctors to see what is happening inside your body in real-time. For example, it can show how blood flows through the aorta and surrounding blood vessels. You can have a 4D ultrasound during the middle or end of your pregnancy to check for any abnormalities. Also, the ultrasound can show your baby’s activities like yawning, kicking, etc. They will help to provide you with a positive bonding experience.   

Side Effects of Ultrasound 

When used for diagnostic purposes, ultrasound imaging can cause cavitation or small gas pockets in the tissues. Also, ultrasounds can produce slight heating of the tissue. But medical professionals have not witnessed any significant health consequences from their use.

To have a safe and memorable pregnancy ultrasound experience, you need to get it done by a highly qualified California sonographic technologist at DigiBaby. It is an established diagnostic center for pregnancy ultrasonography in California with latest imaging equipment and expert medical professionals. But before booking an appointment to undergo any of the above elective ultrasounds, you need to do one thing. You should consult its medical experts regarding the ultrasound. You should ask them about its benefits, advantages, preparation measures, time spent, etc. The experts will provide you a useful advice about these aspects. Also, they will give you thoroughly enjoyable and safe imaging and baby viewing experience whose memories you will cherish forever.

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What Is An NT Scan? Why is it important to perform it between the 11th and 14th Week of Pregnancy?

What Is An NT Scan? Why is it important to perform it between the 11th and 14th Week of Pregnancy?

Discovering that you are pregnant gives rise to a myriad of emotions in you. You may feel intense joy at some moment, while at the other you may feel stressed, anxious or fearful of your baby’s health. You have very little control over your emotions, but you can’t take your baby’s health for granted. So you need to follow up with your doctor from time to time to monitor your and your’s unborn child’s health. Your doctor may recommend specific tests to check if you or your child is affected with a particular health condition.

Some of these tests are in the form of screenings, and these help doctors determine the amount of risk you or your child may have for a specific disease. Screenings can help to identify problems like anemia or gestational diabetes in women. Whereas in unborn children, these can help to detect the presence of chromosomal abnormalities.

The results obtained from these screenings can be positive or negative. A positive result does not ascertain that the child has a chromosomal abnormality. Similarly, a negative result does not guarantee that the unborn child does not have a chromosomal abnormality. Additional diagnostic tests like chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis must be performed to confirm whether the child has a chromosomal abnormality or not.

What is an NT Scan?

NT Scan, also known as the nuchal translucency test, is a screening test. Non-invasive in nature, it is performed to check the extent of risk (high or low) your child carries for a particular chromosomal abnormality.

NT Scan - Digibaby

NT scan is primarily used for assessing the risk for Down Syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities like Edwards Syndrome and Patau Syndrome. Also, it helps to determine the risk for some structural problems like major congenital heart problems, abdominal wall and skeletal defects.

Babies born with Down syndrome contain an additional copy of chromosome 21, and this syndrome is incurable and causes developmental delays in them. Such babies have distinct physical characteristics like a small stature, eyes with an upward slant and a low muscle tone.

Edwards syndrome and Patau syndrome are rare chromosomal abnormalities and often prove fatal for babies. Unfortunately, most babies born with these abnormalities die within the first year of their life.

Ultrasounds use high-frequency sound waves to create an image from inside the patient’s body. The nuchal translucency test also uses ultrasound to assess the risk for a medical condition.

All pregnant women are offered the NT scan along with a blood test as a part of first-trimester screening options. The first trimester starts on the first day of the last period and lasts till the end of the 13th week. Apart from the first trimester, screenings are also done in the second and third trimesters.

In an NT scan, a doctor or technician measures the clear (translucent) space in the tissue at the baby’s neck. This translucent space is the nuchal translucency. During the first trimester, babies having abnormalities tend to accumulate more fluid at the back of their neck, and as a result, this clear space becomes larger than average.

Apart from nuchal translucency, some doctors also look for the presence of the fetal nasal bone during the NT scan. If no nasal bone is visible in the developing baby, some experts believe this increases the chance of chromosomal abnormalities in the baby.

What is the right time for performing the NT Scan?

The NT scan must be conducted when a woman is between 11 and 14 weeks pregnant, and this is when the base of her baby’s neck is still transparent. The last day for doing this scan is when a woman is 13 weeks and six days pregnant.

How is the nuchal translucency test performed?

An NT scan requires no special preparation. In most cases, the scan gets completed in just 30 minutes. The doctor will recommend you drink water an hour before the procedure as ultrasound pictures are easier to read with a full bladder. The doctor will ask you to lie down on an exam table to perform the scan. After which, the sonographer will move an ultrasound wand over your stomach. Correspondingly, the pictures of the baby will become visible on the monitor.

The sonographer first confirms the baby’s gestational age by measuring him from crown to rump to see if his size fits the babies of his age. Then he positions the transducer (a sensor) over the abdomen. It shows the baby’s nuchal translucency on the monitor, and the sonographer uses calipers to measure its thickness on the screen.

You can get the results of the nuchal translucency test right away or you may have to wait for ten days if the doctor needs to send the data to a processing center.

How to Interpret NT Scan Results?

The doctor will use a computer program to calculate the amount of risk your growing child carries for a chromosomal abnormality. He will enter your age or date of birth in the program, and it will accordingly give the results.

The results will be in the form of a ratio that expresses the chances of your baby having a chromosomal defect. You will find it confusing to interpret the results yourself. So you are advised to talk to your doctor or a genetic counselor to grasp a better understanding of the results.

The doctor may also tell you that your results are normal or abnormal for a specific condition, depending on whether the ratio is below or above a particular cutoff.

A normal screening result (screen negative) does not guarantee that your child does not have a chromosomal abnormality. But it does suggest that the occurrence of a chromosomal problem is unlikely. Similarly, an abnormal screening result (screen positive) does not mean your baby carries a chromosomal problem, and it just indicates that your baby is more likely to have a problem. The majority of screen-positive babies don’t have a problem. Only one-third of babies with an increased translucency measurement are born with chromosomal defects.

What do doctors consider for calculating NT scan results?

Nuchal translucency measurement is not the sole factor that doctors consider for determining the result of the NT scan. They also consider other factors like the mother’s age, the baby’s gestational age, and the blood test results.

Although chromosomal abnormality can occur in the baby of any mother, the risk of its occurrence increases with the increased age of the mother. For example, if your age is 25 years, your baby’s risk of having Down Syndrome is 1 in 1,200, but if your age is 40 years, this risk increases to 1 in 100. Because of this, doctors consider mother’s age as one of the factors in determining NT scan results.

Is the Nuchal Translucency test accurate?

Like other screening tests, the nuchal translucency test is also not perfect, and it cannot detect all cases of Down Syndrome. The NT test provides both false-negative results and false-positive results.

A false-negative result identifies your baby as a low risk for Down Syndrome while he has this chromosomal condition.

A false-positive result suggests that your child is at increased risk for Down Syndrome or other conditions, but he has no problem.

What to do if your nuchal translucency test result indicates a problem?

After talking with your practitioner or genetic counselor, you can better understand whether your child is at an increased risk for a chromosomal condition.

If there is an increased risk, the next step is to get a diagnostic test like amniocentesis or CVS conducted. The diagnostic test is necessary to confirm a positive screening result for your baby and to obtain a definitive diagnosis.

A needle is inserted through the stomach into the amniotic sac to retrieve a fluid sample for the amniocentesis diagnostic test. Amniotic fluid contains cells that provide genetic information about the baby.

In CVS or chorionic villus sampling, a mother’s placental tissue sample is removed and tested for chromosomal abnormalities and genetic problems.

These diagnostic tests are more invasive and carry a small risk of miscarriage.

Suppose you decide against diagnostic testing. Then you can opt for NIPT, quad screen and detailed ultrasound to know more about your baby’s health and development. The NIPT is a blood test available to all pregnant women at the beginning of 10 weeks of pregnancy. The quad screen is a blood test performed in the second trimester, whereas a detailed ultrasound is performed in 18 to 20 weeks.

A detailed ultrasound can help detect soft markers of chromosomal disorders. Some of these markers are a bright bowel, a bright dot in the heart, short limbs and specific problems in the kidneys. This ultrasound can also be used for finding anatomical defects like spina bifida.

Is it mandatory to undergo the NT scan and diagnostic tests?

It is your discretion to go for the nuchal translucency scan or any diagnostic tests or ignore them altogether. You may choose one, two, or more tests out of all the tests offered to you during the pregnancy and avoid the rest.

By now, you may have understood the need to get the NT scan conducted on your growing baby. If you are keen to get this scan done in Livermore, California, DigiBaby is the place to go. We also provide this facility in Woodridge, Illinois and Mesa, Arizona. Our medical center is equipped with state-of-the-art pregnancy screening, diagnostic equipment, and expert medical professionals to provide you with a safe and satisfying medical experience during your pregnancy. Thus, making your journey to motherhood smooth and enjoyable.

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Importance of prenatal care during pregnancy

Importance of prenatal care during pregnancy

Pregnancy brings a lot of changes to a woman’s body. Women who have been healthy before pregnancy might also experience certain issues during the pregnancy phase. Thus, a woman needs to take proper care, nutrition, supplements after conceiving a baby. Women should focus on proper prenatal care to minimize the risk of complications during and after their pregnancy. Prenatal care is also called antenatal care, and it helps in improving both fetal and maternal outcomes. It helps the doctor properly diagnose, treat, and manage the women’s health conditions before getting serious. Women should always start their prenatal care at the early stage of pregnancy (first trimester) for better health. 

The Importance Of Prenatal Care And Where To Find It - MIBluesPerspectives

Knowing prenatal care in details 

Prenatal care is the medical healthcare that a pregnant woman receives. Regularly going for prenatal check-ups helps know any potential concerns or issues at an early stage of pregnancy and reduces birth complications. It would be best if you visit your physician/gynecologist/obstetrician for screening, diagnostic tests, ultrasounds, counseling, education, emotional and social support, and fetal monitoring. With the help of prenatal check-ups, you can monitor your baby’s growth, heart rate, any signs of premature labor, maternal blood pressure, etc. Doctors will generally schedule your first prenatal appointment when you are at least 8 weeks pregnant. Moreover, the doctor also checks the pre-existing conditions for the mother-to-be, such as diabetes or high blood pressure before pregnancy.

Women having no complications during pregnancy can visit for their scheduled prenatal appointments as follows –

  1. Up to week 28 – 1 prenatal visit per month
  2. Weeks 28 to 36 – 1 prenatal care visit in every 2 weeks
  3. Weeks 36 to 40 – 1 prenatal visit every week

What should you expect from your first prenatal visit?

Prenatal care visit includes tests and general information about what a pregnant woman should and shouldn’t eat or do to stay healthy during their crucial time. The first prenatal visit is often the longest one because the doctor needs to review the entire medical history of the mother and the father. During your first, the doctor would do the following –

  1. Takes blood and urine samples
  2. Records your weight
  3. Checks your blood pressure
  4. Performs a pelvic exam
  5. Review your ultrasound

What will you get from your prenatal appointments? 

  1. 6-12 weeks – As mentioned above, the obstetrician or gynecologist takes your detailed information during the traditional first prenatal visit, including a family history of genetic disorders. They also conduct ultrasound, pelvic exam, blood work, blood pressure, weight, and urine screening for proteins and sugar.12-16 weeks – The second visit is generally suggested after a month of your first appointment. During this visit, the doctor checks the blood pressure, urine screening, and weight recording of the mother and recommends any additional tests. 
  2. 18-22 weeks – During the 18th to 22nd week, ultrasounds are done, and the doctor measures the fundal height (FH) and fetal heart tones (FHTs). Fundal height is the distance in centimeters (cm) from the pubic bone to the top of the uterus. Fetal heart tones include listening and measuring the fetal heart rate with the help of fetal doppler. 
  3. 22-26 weeks – This prenatal visit is almost similar to the last visit, but the only difference is that the doctor also screens the gestational diabetes level of the mother-to-be. The doctor may also check for the swelling in your hands and feet. 
  4. 26-30 weeks – Again, the doctor repeats the measuring of fundal height and fetal heart tones along with the screening for diabetes if not already done. 
  5. 28-32 weeks – At this level of pregnancy, you should visit for prenatal tests frequently as you are getting close to your delivery. FH and FHTs are conducted at every visit to check the growth of your baby. 
  6. 32-36 weeks – At the 36th week of pregnancy, the doctor starts the cervical checks to locate the baby’s position in the womb. 
  7. 36-40 weeks – By now, you must frequently be visiting your doctor, and you’ll be asked to visit every week until the 41st week of your pregnancy. These visits are done to check the mother’s and baby’s health, growth, position of the baby with few additional tests. 

Prenatal care and tests | Office on Women's Health

What is the need for getting regular prenatal check-ups during pregnancy?

Prenatal is essential during pregnancy due to following reasons –

  1. With the help of regular prenatal check-ups, doctors can easily spot pregnancy complications (if any) that may lead to poor fetal growth. Doctors can spot if the baby has any weight issues, neurological problems, etc. So, proper care and attention during pregnancy can reduce the risk of complications for the fetus or baby.
  2. After noting all the factors such as the mother’s age, medical history, etc., the doctor can set up proper tests as per the conditions. It helps control and monitors the mother’s pre-existing medical conditions, such as diabetes, anemia, and blood pressure. Thus, this helps to prevent future complications.  
  3. Prenatal care is also helpful in estimating the delivery date. It puts mothers at ease and helps them to decide on the best plan for her baby.
  4. Antenatal or prenatal care during pregnancy gives a lot of support to the mother-to-be. Proper education and counseling are also part of prenatal care treatment and gives the expecting mother the aid she needs. 
  5. Moreover, proper nutritional advice is also given to the mothers during this crucial stage. A properly balanced diet is essential to prevent several health problems and gives the baby complete nourishment for better growth. Mothers are generally given prenatal vitamins that consist right amount of folic acid and other essential vitamins for baby’s growth.  

Get your regular prenatal visit with Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound for a healthy pregnancy 

It is not always too late to seek a doctor’s help during pregnancy. Women who do not go for timely prenatal visit delivers baby with low weight and several birth complications. Every woman needs to stay healthy immediately before, during, and after pregnancy. Thus, it is important to stay updated on all the healthcare appointments as instructed by a doctor.  

You can consult them for 2D ultrasounds, gender determination, and 3D/4D HD live ultrasound as well. All the prenatal care services at Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound will be given to you at a genuinely affordable price.

To learn more, contact the center at 877-470-7531 or info@thedigibaby.com now.

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Different types of ultrasound scanning during pregnancy

Different types of ultrasound scanning during pregnancy

Seeing your baby for the first time through a monitor screen can be an emotional and special moment for every parent. Besides taking the first photograph of your baby to your home, ultrasound scanning tests are also vital for many other reasons. The ultrasound scan tests are essential for the doctors to get valuable information such as baby’s growth, detect abnormalities, predict the due pregnancy date, show the position of your placenta, indicate the sex of your baby, etc. These ultrasound scan tests are always performed under the guidance of a trained healthcare professional called a sonographer. Ultrasound scans are performed at different stages of pregnancy for getting all the specific information about the baby.

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But first, let’s understand the purpose of ultrasound tests

Ultrasound scans are used for getting a sneak peek of your baby during pregnancy and examine how the fetus is developing in the womb. Ultrasound uses sound waves for creating images of your baby along with the images of your uterus, placenta, and surrounding blood vessels and organs. The healthcare professional performing an ultrasound exam uses an instrument called a transducer that sends sound waves through your body. The waves produced are then echoed back to the transducer for transforming them into images. The produced images are then seen on the video screening monitor. With the technological advancement nowadays, 3D and 4D colour scans are also available for ultrasound pregnancy tests for better quality images.

  • It helps in conforming to pregnancy and determining how many weeks pregnant you are.
  • Ascertaining  how many fetuses you are carrying.
  • Confirming the growth of your baby and figuring out your pregnancy due date.
  • It helps to check the abnormalities in your cervix and uterus, if any.
  • Monitors your baby’s heartbeat, muscle tone, movement, and development.
  • Diagnosing any complications during pregnancy such as abnormal bleeding, ectopic pregnancy, molar pregnancy, and miscarriage.
  • Determining the position of the baby.

Different types for pregnancy ultrasound scanning tests

Different ultrasound scanning tests depend on how long your pregnancy is and what the doctor has to check. Here are some common kinds of ultrasound tests –

  1. Transabdominal ultrasound – In this kind of mid-pregnancy scan ultrasound, the doctor uses a transducer for scanning and is the most common ultrasound test. For this, you must lay down on your back on the examination table, and then the doctor covers your belly with a thin layer of gel. The gel applied to the belly helps the sound waves to move easily for a better image. Then the transducer is moved all across your belly. The patient should drink several glasses of water before the transabdominal ultrasound to have a full bladder during the test. A full bladder helps move sound waves easily. The transabdominal ultrasound is a total of 20 minutes’ process.
  2. Transvaginal ultrasound – During a transvaginal ultrasound, a wand-shaped transducer is placed inside your  vagina. This ultrasound test is generally used at the early stages of pregnancy for verifying your pregnancy, checking your baby’s heart rate & position, etc. For this test also, you have to lay down on your back with your feet in stirrups. Then the doctor moves the transducer in your vagina for getting the required information. Your bladder for the transvaginal ultrasound should be empty or just partly full.  
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Here are some other kinds of ultrasound tests that are done for getting more information about your baby –

  1. Doppler ultrasound – The Doppler ultrasound is useful for checking the baby’s blood flow and the blood flow in your uterus and placenta. It is essential for observing the movement of the blood vessels in your baby. The doctor uses the transducer to listen to the baby’s heartbeat and measure the blood flow in the umbilical cord. Doppler scanning is normally used in the last trimester of your pregnancy.
  2. 3-D ultrasound – This kind of scanning ultrasound test can be done transvaginal or transabdominal. It is used for taking more detailed images of your baby. A 3-D ultrasound test takes thousands of pictures at once and helps in getting a clear 3-D image. Doctors might use this ultrasound to check whether the baby’s organs are developing at a normal pace or not.
  3. 4-D ultrasound – The 4D ultrasound scan is just like the 3D ultrasounds. But the only difference is that it also shows the moving video of the baby’s movement instead of still images. It captures the highlights and shadows for creating a clearer image of the baby’s face and movements. This ultrasound scan can only be requested after 26 weeks of pregnancy.

Consulting the experts for pregnancy ultrasound scanning tests – Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound

The ultrasound tests give the highlights of your pregnancy, and it is a truly exciting experience for the parents to see their baby in the mother’s womb. However, you must always trust the experienced professionals who follow all the medical procedures to ensure a healthy pregnancy and safe deliver. Consult the highly trained team at Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound now. Their experienced sonographers will keep the mother and the baby safe and inform you of the accurate pregnancy data. You can connect with them to look for affordable and high-quality 2D/3D/4D live ultrasounds. Watch your baby grow, smile, yawn and blink with the latest technology by Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound.

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Can you predict a baby’s gender through skull theory?

Can you predict a baby’s gender through skull theory?

For every parent-to-be, it is a great sense of excitement to think about their little one. From reading belly shapes to calendar dates, parents throughout the ages have discovered different ways to identify their baby’s gender during pregnancy. There are several old wives’ tales that claim to predict the gender of the baby inside the womb, yet there are no proven results for such tales.

Many parents are keen, and they find it hard to wait till a 20-week scan test to find out if they are havinga baby girl or a baby boy. So, for those parents who want to determine their baby’s gender soon, a theory called the ‘skull gender theory’ proves to be helpful. This theory works by looking at the shape and size of a baby’s skull to identify whether it’s a boy or a girl. Skull theory is the procedure for predicting the gender of the baby from the 12th-week ultrasound scan picture. This theory typically counts on the ultrasound assessment of the baby’s facial bony features and the skull’s shape.

Here in this particular blog, we will be discussing this skull gender prediction theory and its effectiveness in detail.

What does skull gender theory mean?

Skull theory is also called the skull gender prediction theory, and it helps identify the shape, size, and other related factors of your baby while in the womb. The skull theory is based on an analysis of the cranial differences between women and men. In simpler terms, this theory works on the idea that the female and male babies’ heads grow in different shapes in the mother’s womb. This theory judges gender by looking at how blocky, round, large, or small the baby’s skull is. The skull of the baby boy is generally said to larger and blockier in shape and has a squarer chin, whereas the baby girls are more likely to have a skull with a smaller brow ridge and more pointed chins. All these factors develop in the early few weeks of the pregnancy. Thus, it makes gender skull theory a more convenient method for identifying the gender even before the 20 week’s scan test, which is the traditional way for getting the opportunity for gender reveal. For getting better results at this stage, it is important to get ultrasound test images of the baby in the right positioned profile. It helps measure the skull more precisely from front to back and gives an accurate view of the shape and the size of the skull.

What is the accuracy rate for the skull theory?

Determining the gender of the babies in such an early stage of pregnancy is challenging, and thus, there is no 100% guarantee for the results by skull theory. More researches need to be conducted to prove the accuracy rate of early skull gender tests. Thus, you must not completely rely on the results obtained by the skull theory test. Furthermore, getting the exact results from the skull comparison at such an early stage might be unreliable because it is said that many of the skull differences between a boy and a girl are only visible in the adult skulls. It means that the gender results acquired from the shape of the baby’s skull in your 12-week scan are not 100% obvious and defined.

So, if you want to know the gender of your baby, then you must wait a little longer for a proper scanned ultrasound test.


Consulting the best professionals for accurate ultrasound results – Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound

Seeing your baby grow in the womb is an exciting experience for both mother and father. However, during your pregnancy, you might get several questions regarding your baby’s growth and health. Here is the chance for you to get 100% accurate answers related to pregnancy with Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound. You can consult them now and get the professional help to determine the gender of your baby. Their experienced team of sonographers will help you get the exact results for determining the gender of your baby. Consult them for the gender determination ultrasound test between the 15th to 23rd weeks of your pregnancy. Digibaby 3D/4D Ultrasound is known for its simple and safest tests for allpregnant women. Get in touch with them now to know about their cost effective ultrasound packages

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