How Can Ultrasounds Help to Reveal your Baby’s Gender?

How Can Ultrasounds Help to Reveal your Baby’s Gender?


There was a time when parents waited till birth to know their baby’s gender but this is not the case anymore. Advancement in technology has made it possible for would-be parents to know their baby’s gender before birth. Excitement and liberty to make choices drives parents to go for gender determination. Knowing the gender in advance helps parents better plan things for their baby. Today, the majority of parents want to know their baby’s gender. They have a common motive, but the reason to know their baby’s gender may differ from parent to parent.


A research study performed in 2012 throws more light on these reasons. Four hundred pregnant women undergoing amniocentesis participated in this study. Its findings were published in the journal, Obstetrics and Gynecology.  They were given a questionnaire that asked them why they wanted to know fetal gender after amniocentesis or ultrasound investigation. They gave three reasons for this. 77.8% of the women wanted to know “out of curiosity.” 68% “just wanted to know,” while 66.8% wanted “because it was possible.”

Knowing their baby’s gender in advance helps parents make plans accordingly. They can buy gender-specific clothes and toys. Furthermore, they can choose gender-specific nursery decor. If having other children, they can know which things to keep and which ones to deliver to the charity shop. Additionally, gender knowledge helps parents plan a gender reveal party to enjoy with their near and dear ones.


How can parents determine their baby’s gender?


A prenatal ultrasound enables medical experts to identify the gender of a baby growing in the mother’s womb. The ultrasound uses audible sound waves to produce images of a fetus’s shape and position in the uterus. These images display on the monitor. Called fetal anatomy survey, this ultrasound is primarily done to find fetal anomalies. Moreover, it is used for finding the gender of the baby.



You must lie on the examination table in a reclined position for the prenatal ultrasound. Then the ultra-sonographer will apply a gel to your abdomen. Afterward, ultra-sonographer will glide a plastic transducer over the abdomen, emitting high-frequency sound waves. These waves will bounce back after touching your baby’s body and produce an image of the body. The image will display the baby’s soft tissues, organs and other anatomical structures, including reproductive parts. The image will get displayed on the monitor for your viewing.


How do doctors identify your baby’s gender?


The doctors look for certain signs (characteristic features) in the image of the ultrasound to determine the gender of your baby. The signs in boys differ from the signs in girls.


What are these signs?


Girl Ultrasound signs:


Hamburger sign: This sign indicates the appearance of the labia and clitoris in an ultrasound. Looking closely at the image, you will see that the labia lips look similar to a hamburger bun. Furthermore, the clitoris will resemble a hamburger patty.


Sagittal sign: Both genders have a sagittal sign. It is obtained by looking at a profile view of the fetus (known as the midline sagittal plane). There is a nub (a small lump or protuberance) at the spine’s end, called a caudal notch. The fetus is a girl if the nub points downward at a 10-degree angle.


Boy Ultrasound Signs:


Male fetuses are not always easier to identify than female fetuses. Identifying male fetuses is difficult before week 14 as the external genitalia has not appeared externally until about 13 weeks. In weeks 18 to 20, a baby boy’s gender can be determined based on the following signs:


Sagittal sign: The fetus is a boy when the caudal notch is pointing upward at more than a 30-degree angle. It can become harder to make a definitive determination if it is somewhere in between.


The flow of urine: The flow of urine can be spotted in a fetus. If the urine is seen moving upward, the baby is likely a boy.


Male genitalia: The presence of male genitalia, including the penis, scrotum and testicles, is a clear sign of male sex. This is often viewed by weeks 18 to 20.


Is gender reveal ultrasound accurate?

Ultrasound - Gener Reveal

The majority of prenatal ultrasounds performed for gender determination are accurate. But errors may occur in identifying gender. The most common mistake is male fetuses are assigned as female. Various factors can impact the accuracy rate of these ultrasounds.


Gestational Age of the baby

Over 99% of ultrasounds performed between weeks 18 and 20 determine the gender correctly. But their accuracy rate can decrease when ultrasounds are performed before week 14.


Position of the baby

If the ultra-sonographer faces difficulty seeing between your baby’s legs, this will affect the ability to determine the baby’s gender. Some fetuses tend to keep their legs together, which impairs gender determination. If the genitalia of the fetus is not visualized, the ultra-sonographer may not be able to examine it perfectly. As a result, he may make mistakes in guessing baby’s gender.


Mother’s body size

If you are overweight or obese, your larger body size can prevent a clear image of your baby. However, an experienced sonographer should be able to obtain a clear picture of women of all sizes.


Multiple babies

If you are pregnant with more than one baby (twins, triplets or more), your babies could hide their siblings. Due to this reason, the gender determination of one or more babies will become more difficult.


The expertise of an ultrasound technician

How experienced and trained ultrasonographers are in their work will impact the accuracy of the gender determination.


Are prenatal ultrasounds safe?   


When conducted by trained technicians for medical purposes, ultrasounds are considered safe. Moreover, they do not use x-rays or radiation. They only use audible and high-frequency sound waves. All ultrasounds, including prenatal ones, are non-invasive and cause no harm to the patients.


Other ways of gender determination


Apart from ultrasounds, the gender of the baby can be confirmed with amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS). In the amniocentesis procedure, fluid is extracted from the sac surrounding your baby using a needle and syringe. In CVS, a needle is used to take cells from the placenta.


Both of these procedures carry risks. But they are extremely accurate in making the gender determination. Furthermore, they can return a result as early as week 11 for CVS and week 15 for amniocentesis.


We hope you are well aware of how a prenatal ultrasound can help identify your baby’s gender. So, if you have decided to go for this ultrasound and are looking for a reputed gender reveal ultrasound center then you can opt for DigiBaby. We have specialist medical professionals and ultrasound technicians. Moreover, we have state-of-the-art ultrasound imaging equipment. You will certainly get a safe ultrasound experience and an enjoyable baby viewing experience here. So, get in touch with our experts to seek more information about the ultrasound. Their advice will help you better prepare for your ultrasound and enjoy it fully.


Pregnancy Ultrasounds: The Best Way to Build a Positive Bonding Experience with Your Baby

Pregnancy Ultrasounds: The Best Way to Build a Positive Bonding Experience with Your Baby


Getting pregnant is the most exciting time for a woman, her family, and her friends. Every women eagerly waits for the day when she will hold the baby in her arms for the first time and shower immense love and affection on her baby. She plans to have a crib, layette and clothing, cute mobiles, rugs, medicine cabinet, etc. for the baby. Her family members and friends have their share of plans for the baby.   


To see and hold your baby in your arms for the first time, you will have to wait for at least 40 weeks. It is quite a long time, and waiting that long can be challenging, but do you know there is a way out? With it, you can have a glimpse of your baby without waiting that long. Pregnancy ultrasounds provide this way. 


There are various ultrasounds that allow you to view your baby before pregnancy. Ultrasounds are an imaging method that utilizes sound waves to produce images of structures within the body. They are increasingly used to provide parents with a great baby viewing experience.


Let’s know more about them. 


2D Ultrasound


A 2D ultrasound is a traditional ultrasound used in pregnancy to create a 2D or two-dimensional image of a developing fetus. The 2DPregnancy Ultrasound Services ultrasound produces outlines and flat-looking images that show the body and internal organs of the baby. Images produced through this ultrasound are not true to life but create a clear internal image. 


3D Ultrasound


A 3D ultrasound produces the image by combining multiple 2D images taken from different angles. 3D images provide a better picture of the baby than what is offered by flatter 2D images.


4D Ultrasound

4D ultrasounds are similar to 3D ultrasounds. But the difference between them is that 4D ultrasound generates a continuously updated image, so it looks like a moving image. In comparison to this, 3D ultrasound creates a static three-dimensional image.


HD Live Ultrasound 

This particular ultrasound allows parents to see the motion of their baby. It uses an adjustable light source to create lighting and shadowing effects, leading to clearer, sharper, more defined, and more realistic images. 


All these ultrasounds are elective, and it is your sole discretion whether to conduct one or more of these ultrasounds or avoid them altogether. 


These ultrasounds provide parents the opportunity to have a glimpse of their baby’s health and growth. Also, they can identify which specific features of the baby resemble mom, dad, or any other family member. Moreover, the ultrasounds enable parents to build a positive bonding experience with the baby and feel emotionally connected with the baby. Also, they get beautiful memories to cherish forever.


Among these ultrasounds, 4D and HD Live ultrasounds allow parents to enjoy viewing various movements of their baby. These include yawning, sucking, mouthing, blinking, tongue expulsion, scowling, and smiling. 


Doctors use the 2D ultrasound for the gender determination of the baby. They also use it for diagnosing any possible problems in the baby, including heart defects, kidney issues, and other potential internal issues. HD live ultrasound helps doctors point out certain conditions like the cleft lip that parents need to know about more clearly.


Timing of Ultrasounds

You may be curious to know when these ultrasounds can be done. So, we are throwing light on their timings. Early 2D ultrasound for pregnancy confirmation is conducted between 8-12 weeks, and 2D ultrasound for gender determination is performed as early as 12 weeks. 3D, 4D, and HD live ultrasounds are performed between 15-33 weeks.  


Now, you may be keen to know where to get these ultrasounds performed. It would be best if you look for a renowned and best ultrasound center in your area for this purpose. It should have the latest ultrasound imaging equipment and highly qualified and trained ultra-sonographers. You will likely get a safe, enjoyable, memorable pregnancy ultrasound experience here. 


 If you live in California, you can opt for DigiBaby, a reputed and best 2D, 3D, and 4D ultrasound California provider. It also provides excellent and safe HD live scan services. Having a pregnancy ultrasound here will allow you to view your baby for the first time, provide you a gladdening experience and arouse motherly feelings of care and love in you. Also, you will get beautiful memories for a lifetime. So, contact DigiBaby experts today for any queries regarding the ultrasounds and schedule your pregnancy ultrasound appointment.


Pregnancy Ultrasounds for Assessing Your Baby’s Growth Health

Pregnancy Ultrasounds: A Useful Tool for Assessing Your Baby’s Growth and Health

Pregnancy is both a joyous and worrisome time. The discovery of pregnancy brings intense joy to parents, other family members, and friends. But at the same time, it can give rise to worries regarding the health of mother and baby. Pregnancy ultrasounds are the best way to assess the baby’s growth and health and to examine the mother’s reproductive organs. For a safe and worry-free pregnancy ultrasound experience, you must visit a renowned prenatal ultrasonography diagnostic centre in your area. Here a trained and highly qualified sonographic technologist will perform the ultrasound.

How do ultrasounds work

Ultrasound scanning is an imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the body’s internal organs. It is also called sonography.   

A transducer or probe emitting ultrasound waves is used to perform an ultrasound. The probe is placed on the skin after coating it with a thin, conductive gel layer. The gel’s coating allows the waves to pass smoothly through the skin. The emitted ultrasound waves are projected on certain body parts which reflect them. Computer software interprets the information from reflected ultrasound waves and turns them into visible images. The info gets formed as per the strength of reflected waves and the time they take to return.  

Ultrasound imaging holds these advantages over other imaging techniques: –

  1. Ultrasounds provide real-time visualization of the fetus or organs. 
  2. They are non-invasive. 
  3. They do away with the need to use ionization radiation known to cause toxic effects on the embryo.
  4. Ultrasounds provide an interactive experience, and this is because they enable the ultra-sonographer to capture different viewing images by moving the probe.   

To assess your baby’s health and growth following ultrasound options are available to you-

2D Ultrasound  

A 2D ultrasound is a traditional ultrasound scanning that is two-dimensional. This scanning sends and receives ultrasound waves in a single plane. The waves that get reflected then provide a flat black and white image of the fetus through that plane. It is a basic image that outlines the organs inside the body. The image obtained is not true to life, but still, it is clear for doctors to detect and diagnose certain medical issues. Doctors use this ultrasound to measure the baby’s head, stomach and leg size. Moreover, they use ultrasound to monitor the heart rate and movement of the baby. In short, a 2D ultrasound is useful for a detailed evaluation of fetal anatomy and morphology.

3D Ultrasound]

3D ultrasounds provide three-dimensional static images of the inside of the body. They are obtained by piecing together multiple two-dimensional images taken at various angles. These ultrasounds visualize fetal structures and the internal anatomy as static 3D images.  

A 4D ultrasound is a 3D ultrasound but in a live motion. It allows doctors to see what is happening inside your body in real-time. For example, it can show how blood flows through the aorta and surrounding blood vessels. You can have a 4D ultrasound during the middle or end of your pregnancy to check for any abnormalities. Also, the ultrasound can show your baby’s activities like yawning, kicking, etc. They will help to provide you with a positive bonding experience.   

Side Effects of Ultrasound 

When used for diagnostic purposes, ultrasound imaging can cause cavitation or small gas pockets in the tissues. Also, ultrasounds can produce slight heating of the tissue. But medical professionals have not witnessed any significant health consequences from their use.

To have a safe and memorable pregnancy ultrasound experience, you need to get it done by a highly qualified California sonographic technologist at DigiBaby. It is an established diagnostic center for pregnancy ultrasonography in California with latest imaging equipment and expert medical professionals. But before booking an appointment to undergo any of the above elective ultrasounds, you need to do one thing. You should consult its medical experts regarding the ultrasound. You should ask them about its benefits, advantages, preparation measures, time spent, etc. The experts will provide you a useful advice about these aspects. Also, they will give you thoroughly enjoyable and safe imaging and baby viewing experience whose memories you will cherish forever.

baby health digibaby


Benefits and Risks of Ultrasound in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is an exciting time for parents and others in the family. But at the same time, it can fill them with uncertainty and anxiety regarding their baby’s health. Here ultrasounds can prove helpful in monitoring the health and development of the growing baby. Also known as sonography, ultrasound is an imaging method that utilizes sound waves to produce images of organs or structures within the body. These images get displayed on an instrument called sonograph that turns sound into graphics. The images obtained from an ultrasound can provide valuable information to medical professionals for diagnosing various diseases and conditions and directing treatment for them.

You, too, may want to go for an ultrasound to check and assess your baby’s development, but something is holding you back from getting it done. You are not sure whether there are any benefits of doing an ultrasound. But more than that, you fear that the ultrasound may harm your baby. 

Let us shed some light on the various benefits of ultrasounds in pregnancy and their risks. It will help you make the right and informed decision accordingly. 


  • Ultrasound is a non-invasive and painless procedure, and it helps to confirm and ensure that you are pregnant. 
  • It enables doctors to check your baby’s age and growth, which helps them make out your due date.
  • The ultrasound enables doctors to check your baby’s muscle tone, heartbeat, movement, and overall development.  
  • It helps them check if you are pregnant with twins, triplets, or more babies. It also enables them to identify other situations like placenta previa. The presence of twins or a placenta previa is a high-risk situation that can be dangerous for both mothers and babies. Placenta previa occurs when a baby’s placenta covers the mother’s cervix partially or totally. Placenta previa may lead to a significant maternal hemorrhage. So, the doctor may accordingly advise you to choose a hospital over a birth center or home birth for your delivery.  
  • The ultrasound enables doctors to check if your baby lies in the heads-first position before birth. 
  • With the help of the ultrasound, doctors can examine your ovaries and uterus (womb). Ovaries are the glands where eggs are stored. 
  • The ultrasound is also used to screen for congenital disabilities like spina bifida or heart defects. Also, it helps with other prenatal tests like chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis. Congenital disabilities are those health conditions that a baby has at birth. Congenital disabilities alter the shape or function of one or more body parts, and they can affect the overall health in terms of how the body develops or functions.
  • The ultrasound is also helpful in checking pregnancy complications like molar pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, and miscarriage.
  • It grants parents the opportunity to see their child and perhaps discover its sex. 

 Let us now share with you various risks associated with sonography.

The opinion of doctors varies regarding the risks associated with the conduction of ultrasounds during pregnancy. Some doctors say ultrasounds during pregnancy are safe for mother and baby when done by a qualified and experienced health care provider. They say ultrasounds use sound waves instead of radiation, so they are safer than x-rays.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Food and Drug Administration, and the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine have a word of caution for parents. They recommend parents against taking 3-D or 4-D ultrasound at commercial keepsake ultrasound centers. The people performing these ultrasounds may not have done medical training and may provide you with wrong or even harmful information. 

Jacques S. Abramowicz, MD has also provided his research findings regarding the risks of pregnancy ultrasounds that were published in PubMed. Dr. Abramowicz is associated with the Department of Ob/Gyn, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine and Center for Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan. According to him, there is a general belief that a diagnostic ultrasound does not pose any threat to the pregnant patient or her fetus. Despite that, ultrasound is a form of energy and shows effects on biological tissues it passes through (bioeffects). The physical mechanisms causing these effects are thermal or non-thermal (mechanical). It is the role of science to show if any of these bio effects may be harmful.

So, your medical practitioner can better guide and educate you on any risks of the ultrasound procedure during your pregnancy. Therefore, it would help if you talk to the practitioner in this regard before undergoing an ultrasound. 

Can ultrasounds find every problem?

If you have a healthy pregnancy, an ultrasound is good at ruling out problems, but it cannot find every problem. It may miss some congenital disabilities. Sometimes, a routine ultrasound may suggest a congenital disability while it is not there in reality. Such false results of ultrasounds can cause worry to parents. 

Ultrasound scans are not 100 percent accurate. If they suggest any medical condition in the child, follow-up tests need to be conducted to confirm the condition or rule it out. 

How many ultrasounds will you have during your pregnancy?

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) currently suggests that pregnant women should have at least one ultrasound exam during pregnancy. It is performed between 18 and 22 weeks of gestation. This ultrasound allows doctors to look for abnormal fetal development or other problems with the uterus, placenta, or amniotic fluid. 

Different kinds of ultrasound

Ultrasounds are of different kinds. The kind of ultrasound performed on you depends on what your doctor is checking for and how far you have reached in pregnancy. All ultrasounds are done through a transducer tool, which uses sound waves to create pictures of your baby on a computer screen (sonograph)

These are the most common kinds of ultrasound- 

Transabdominal ultrasound

In this ultrasound, the patient is made to lay on his back on an examination table and the doctor or technician covers the belly with a thin layer of gel. The gel helps make the sound waves move more easily, so a better picture can be captured. Then technician/doctor moves the transducer across the belly. The doctor may suggest you drink several glasses of water about 2 hours before the scan to have a full bladder during the ultrasound. A full bladder helps sound waves move more efficiently to get a better picture. This ultrasound does not cause any pain but may make you feel uncomfortable due to the full bladder. The duration of this ultrasound is around 20 minutes. 

Transvaginal ultrasound

This kind of ultrasound is performed through the vagina (birth canal). The patient is made to lay on her back on an examination table with her feet in stirrups. The technician moves a thin transducer shaped like a wand into the vagina. It shouldn’t cause you pain, but you may feel some pressure from the transducer. Your bladder needs to be empty or just partly complete for this procedure.

In some exceptional cases, your doctor may use the below-mentioned kinds of ultrasound to obtain more information about your baby.  

Doppler ultrasound

This kind of ultrasound is used for checking the baby’s flow if he is not growing naturally. A technician uses a transducer to listen to the baby’s heartbeat and measure the blood flow in the umbilical cord in some of the baby’s blood vessels. If an expectant mother has Rh (Rhesus) disease, a Doppler ultrasound may be required. In Rh disease, antibodies produced in the blood of a pregnant woman destroy the blood cells of her baby. If Rh blood condition is not treated, it can cause severe problems to your baby. Doppler ultrasound is generally used in the last trimester, but it may be performed earlier. 

3-D ultrasound 

This ultrasound captures thousands of pictures at once, and it makes a 3-D image that is nearly clear as a photograph. Some doctors use this type of ultrasound to check if your baby’s organs grow and develop normally. This ultrasound can also check the abnormalities in the baby’s face, and it can also be done to check for problems in the uterus. 

4-D ultrasound

This ultrasound is like a 3-D ultrasound, but it also shows the baby’s movements in a video. 

Now you better understand the benefits and risks associated with sonography and other related aspects. So you know what to expect in your pregnancy ultrasound. But to gain more knowledge about the risks, benefits, and other related facets of your pregnancy ultrasound, you need to talk with the concerned doctor.

Meanwhile, if you are looking for a reputed and trusted pregnancy ultrasound provider in Mesa, Arizona, you can rely on DigiBaby for the same. It has state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment and expert doctors and technicians to provide you with a safe and enjoyable diagnostic experience. For obtaining more information about your ultrasound, get in touch with us at 480-259-4108.  

We also provide pregnancy ultrasound services in Woodridge, Illinois, and Livermore, California. 

A happy and exciting pregnancy ultrasound experience awaits you at DigiBaby, so don’t miss it.


What Is An NT Scan? Why is it important to perform it between the 11th and 14th Week of Pregnancy?

What Is An NT Scan? Why is it important to perform it between the 11th and 14th Week of Pregnancy?

Discovering that you are pregnant gives rise to a myriad of emotions in you. You may feel intense joy at some moment, while at the other you may feel stressed, anxious or fearful of your baby’s health. You have very little control over your emotions, but you can’t take your baby’s health for granted. So you need to follow up with your doctor from time to time to monitor your and your’s unborn child’s health. Your doctor may recommend specific tests to check if you or your child is affected with a particular health condition.

Some of these tests are in the form of screenings, and these help doctors determine the amount of risk you or your child may have for a specific disease. Screenings can help to identify problems like anemia or gestational diabetes in women. Whereas in unborn children, these can help to detect the presence of chromosomal abnormalities.

The results obtained from these screenings can be positive or negative. A positive result does not ascertain that the child has a chromosomal abnormality. Similarly, a negative result does not guarantee that the unborn child does not have a chromosomal abnormality. Additional diagnostic tests like chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis must be performed to confirm whether the child has a chromosomal abnormality or not.

What is an NT Scan?

NT Scan, also known as the nuchal translucency test, is a screening test. Non-invasive in nature, it is performed to check the extent of risk (high or low) your child carries for a particular chromosomal abnormality.

NT Scan - Digibaby

NT scan is primarily used for assessing the risk for Down Syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities like Edwards Syndrome and Patau Syndrome. Also, it helps to determine the risk for some structural problems like major congenital heart problems, abdominal wall and skeletal defects.

Babies born with Down syndrome contain an additional copy of chromosome 21, and this syndrome is incurable and causes developmental delays in them. Such babies have distinct physical characteristics like a small stature, eyes with an upward slant and a low muscle tone.

Edwards syndrome and Patau syndrome are rare chromosomal abnormalities and often prove fatal for babies. Unfortunately, most babies born with these abnormalities die within the first year of their life.

Ultrasounds use high-frequency sound waves to create an image from inside the patient’s body. The nuchal translucency test also uses ultrasound to assess the risk for a medical condition.

All pregnant women are offered the NT scan along with a blood test as a part of first-trimester screening options. The first trimester starts on the first day of the last period and lasts till the end of the 13th week. Apart from the first trimester, screenings are also done in the second and third trimesters.

In an NT scan, a doctor or technician measures the clear (translucent) space in the tissue at the baby’s neck. This translucent space is the nuchal translucency. During the first trimester, babies having abnormalities tend to accumulate more fluid at the back of their neck, and as a result, this clear space becomes larger than average.

Apart from nuchal translucency, some doctors also look for the presence of the fetal nasal bone during the NT scan. If no nasal bone is visible in the developing baby, some experts believe this increases the chance of chromosomal abnormalities in the baby.

What is the right time for performing the NT Scan?

The NT scan must be conducted when a woman is between 11 and 14 weeks pregnant, and this is when the base of her baby’s neck is still transparent. The last day for doing this scan is when a woman is 13 weeks and six days pregnant.

How is the nuchal translucency test performed?

An NT scan requires no special preparation. In most cases, the scan gets completed in just 30 minutes. The doctor will recommend you drink water an hour before the procedure as ultrasound pictures are easier to read with a full bladder. The doctor will ask you to lie down on an exam table to perform the scan. After which, the sonographer will move an ultrasound wand over your stomach. Correspondingly, the pictures of the baby will become visible on the monitor.

The sonographer first confirms the baby’s gestational age by measuring him from crown to rump to see if his size fits the babies of his age. Then he positions the transducer (a sensor) over the abdomen. It shows the baby’s nuchal translucency on the monitor, and the sonographer uses calipers to measure its thickness on the screen.

You can get the results of the nuchal translucency test right away or you may have to wait for ten days if the doctor needs to send the data to a processing center.

How to Interpret NT Scan Results?

The doctor will use a computer program to calculate the amount of risk your growing child carries for a chromosomal abnormality. He will enter your age or date of birth in the program, and it will accordingly give the results.

The results will be in the form of a ratio that expresses the chances of your baby having a chromosomal defect. You will find it confusing to interpret the results yourself. So you are advised to talk to your doctor or a genetic counselor to grasp a better understanding of the results.

The doctor may also tell you that your results are normal or abnormal for a specific condition, depending on whether the ratio is below or above a particular cutoff.

A normal screening result (screen negative) does not guarantee that your child does not have a chromosomal abnormality. But it does suggest that the occurrence of a chromosomal problem is unlikely. Similarly, an abnormal screening result (screen positive) does not mean your baby carries a chromosomal problem, and it just indicates that your baby is more likely to have a problem. The majority of screen-positive babies don’t have a problem. Only one-third of babies with an increased translucency measurement are born with chromosomal defects.

What do doctors consider for calculating NT scan results?

Nuchal translucency measurement is not the sole factor that doctors consider for determining the result of the NT scan. They also consider other factors like the mother’s age, the baby’s gestational age, and the blood test results.

Although chromosomal abnormality can occur in the baby of any mother, the risk of its occurrence increases with the increased age of the mother. For example, if your age is 25 years, your baby’s risk of having Down Syndrome is 1 in 1,200, but if your age is 40 years, this risk increases to 1 in 100. Because of this, doctors consider mother’s age as one of the factors in determining NT scan results.

Is the Nuchal Translucency test accurate?

Like other screening tests, the nuchal translucency test is also not perfect, and it cannot detect all cases of Down Syndrome. The NT test provides both false-negative results and false-positive results.

A false-negative result identifies your baby as a low risk for Down Syndrome while he has this chromosomal condition.

A false-positive result suggests that your child is at increased risk for Down Syndrome or other conditions, but he has no problem.

What to do if your nuchal translucency test result indicates a problem?

After talking with your practitioner or genetic counselor, you can better understand whether your child is at an increased risk for a chromosomal condition.

If there is an increased risk, the next step is to get a diagnostic test like amniocentesis or CVS conducted. The diagnostic test is necessary to confirm a positive screening result for your baby and to obtain a definitive diagnosis.

A needle is inserted through the stomach into the amniotic sac to retrieve a fluid sample for the amniocentesis diagnostic test. Amniotic fluid contains cells that provide genetic information about the baby.

In CVS or chorionic villus sampling, a mother’s placental tissue sample is removed and tested for chromosomal abnormalities and genetic problems.

These diagnostic tests are more invasive and carry a small risk of miscarriage.

Suppose you decide against diagnostic testing. Then you can opt for NIPT, quad screen and detailed ultrasound to know more about your baby’s health and development. The NIPT is a blood test available to all pregnant women at the beginning of 10 weeks of pregnancy. The quad screen is a blood test performed in the second trimester, whereas a detailed ultrasound is performed in 18 to 20 weeks.

A detailed ultrasound can help detect soft markers of chromosomal disorders. Some of these markers are a bright bowel, a bright dot in the heart, short limbs and specific problems in the kidneys. This ultrasound can also be used for finding anatomical defects like spina bifida.

Is it mandatory to undergo the NT scan and diagnostic tests?

It is your discretion to go for the nuchal translucency scan or any diagnostic tests or ignore them altogether. You may choose one, two, or more tests out of all the tests offered to you during the pregnancy and avoid the rest.

By now, you may have understood the need to get the NT scan conducted on your growing baby. If you are keen to get this scan done in Livermore, California, DigiBaby is the place to go. We also provide this facility in Woodridge, Illinois and Mesa, Arizona. Our medical center is equipped with state-of-the-art pregnancy screening, diagnostic equipment, and expert medical professionals to provide you with a safe and satisfying medical experience during your pregnancy. Thus, making your journey to motherhood smooth and enjoyable.